Sunday May 27th 2018

History of East Kotawaringin

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East Kotawaringin history began with the influence of Hindu Majapahit kingdom in  1365, with the appointment of chiefs to become minister of the kingdom. This is corroborated by the mention of  Kotawaringin area in pupuh XIII Nagarakretagama in Mpu Prapanca  masterpiece.

At the time it was mentioned, especially in the golden era of the Majapahit kingdom, ruled by King Hayam Wuruk with the famous vizier Gajah Mada. In one of the books written by the Mpu Prapanca in 1365 was also mentioned, that the expedition had made one of the archipelago where they were flown to Sampit and Kuala Pembuang.

While the name itself comes from the name Kotawaringin banyan trees that grow in this area. This tree has long roots and dense leaves (Joseph and Kassu, 1989: 48).

Regardless, came in a settlement that is now used as the district capital, called Sampit. Why the district capital called Sampit? Historical data on the Regional Development Planning Board (Bappeda) Kotim said that the history of Sampit inseparable from the story of the arrival of 31 people from China into Mentaya River and settled on the banks of the river.

In the history published by Bappeda Kotim, never mentioned of where exactly this Chinese ethnic landing site. Clearly, the arrival of 31 Chinese people is aiming to open a trade and plantation in the East Kotawaringin.

Because the number of traders from China is 31, or in Chinese three is Sum and one called It, then combined into Samit; whoever first named Samit into Sampit. What is clear, where they came to be known by the name of Sampit, which later became the capital of district up until now.

Historically, the Chinese people are not only living and doing business in Sampit area, but they also develop businesses to Samuda region, which is known to be the base defense of combatants against the Dutch and Japanese.

This Chinese ethnic blend into one with both the local Dayak ethnic, and other ethnic people who live in coastal areas such as the area of Samuda. Since, then, the Kotawaringin itself is known to be a container for trafficking from outside of Sampit, so it’s been known to have composed several multi-ethnic tribes.

The presence of the Chinese people are of course besides affecting the lives of the people’s economy, also give an effect to the local architecture in Sampit . So its architecture known as nautical architecture.

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