Tiwah,the Death Ritual by the Dayak of Central Borneo | Central Borneo Tourism Information
Friday August 18th 2017

Tiwah,the Death Ritual by the Dayak of Central Borneo

 
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Tiwah ritual is a procession that is intended to deliver ancestral spirits of relatives who has passed away to the afterlife by way of cleanse and move the rest of the body from the grave to a place called sandung.

Ritual tiwah is unique and distinctive culture, because it is only done by the Dayak of Central Kalimantan. Tiwah ritual  is the final level of death for the Dayak tribe in Central Kalimantan especially for Kaharingan religion as the religion of the Dayak ancestors.

Tiwah is a funeral ceremony, usually held on a person who has been dead and buried a long time until the remains of his body were expected only a bone.

Ritual tiwah aims to straightening the trip  of the spirit or soul concerned into Lewu Tatau (Heaven – in Sangiang language) so that he can live in peace and peace in the power of nature. In addition, tiwah also intended as a procession  to release Rutas or bad luck for the family of the deceased from negative effects befell.

For the Dayak tribes, a process  of death  needs to be continued with the advanced rituals (completion) so as not to impair quality and tranquility of the living. Furthermore, tiwah also aims to remove the bond status of widows or widowers for married couples. Post tiwah, they are customarily allowed to determine the subsequent spouse or still choose not to marry again.

Conducting the  tiwah ceremony is not an easy job. It Requires a long and complicated preparation as well as a lot of funding . In addition, this series of tiwah procession itself takes nonstop for days, even up to one month.

The living relatives are responsible and liable to held the tiwah ceremony . This ritual is also a proof of their love for the ancestral.

This ritual has been performed since hundreds of years ago. Lifting frame of the deceased then put it in a small house or sandung nad it must not touch the ground.

Tiwah ritual is the last pillar of the death with non specified timeframe. It can be implemented at any time in accordance readiness of families of the deceased.

Before tiwah ceremony held, first , held another ritual ceremony called tantulak. According to Kaharingan religious beliefs, after death , the deceased had not been able to directly enter into heaven. Then tantulak ceremony held to escort the spirits of the dead to Bukit Malian (the mount Malian), and from there, they waiting to depart and met with Ranying Hattala Langit, their God, until the living relatives held the ceremony of tiwah.

It could also be said that  Bukit Malian is alam rahim, a holy place for man lived before being born into the world. In that place, those who died will be waiting before departure to heaven through  tiwah ceremonies.

Peak of the this tiwah event  itself will put the bones unearthed from the tomb and has been purified through a special ritual into sandung. However, the first event held is a spearing of sacrificial animals, buffaloes, cows, and pigs.

Pictures of Tiwah of Dayak Central Kalimantan

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Tiwah ritual is a procession that is intended to deliver ancestral spirits of relatives who has passed away to the afterlife by way of cleanse and move the rest of the body from the grave to a place called sandung

 

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