Brotherhood of Dayak tribe and Banjar tribe | Central Borneo Tourism Information
Friday October 20th 2017

Brotherhood of Dayak tribe and Banjar tribe

 
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Since ancient times there has been a relationship of brotherhood and kinship ties as well as a high tolerance between ethnic Banjar and Dayak tribes.

Marriage of Sultan Banjar with the Daughters of Dayak

From the oral tradition of Dayak Ngaju be known, the wife of  first King Banjar named Biang Lawai , a Dayak Ngaju’s woman . Meanwhile, the second wife of first King Banjar named Noorhayati, according to the oral tradition of the Dayak Maanyan, derived from their ethnicity. So the woman who gave birth Banjar kings that ever existed was Dayak. In the Banjar’s saga mentions one of the wife of the third King of Banjar, Sultan Hidayatullah is also the from of Dayak tribe, the daughter of Banun Khatib, a prominent Dayak Ngaju. From the womb of that woman , was born Marhum Panembahan who then ascended as the throne with the title of Sultan Mustainbillah. And Sultan  Tamjidillah Al-Wazikoebillah (son of Sultan Muda Abdurrahman bin Sultan Adam) was born out of a daughter of mixed Chinese Dayak name Nyai Dawang. (Norpikriadi, Putri Dayak di Tanah Banjar, Opini Banjarmasin Post Sabtu, 21 Januari 2006).

Sultan Muhammad Seman

One of the military wing of  Prince Antasari was the the famous tough and loyal,  a group of Dayak Siang Murung tribe  with its leader Tumenggung Surapati. Kinship relations through of Prince Antasari came from the marriage with Nyai Fatimah , the sister of their chief, Surapati. From this Dayak woman was born Sultan Muhammad Seman who would continue his struggle until killed by the Dutch bullet in 1905. In times of struggle, Muhammad Seman also married two woman of the Dayak Ot Danum.His Son, Gusti Berakit, in 1906 also married the daughter of the head of the Dayak tribe living on the banks of the river Tabalong. As a form of his high tolerance, while  his in-law died, Sultan Muhammad Saman initiated the convening of tiwah , the customary funeral of Dayak tribe. (Norpikriadi, Putri Dayak di Tanah Banjar, Opini Banjarmasin Post, Sabtu 21 Januari 2006; Kaharingan).

Puteri Mayang Sari

Princess Mayang Sari ruling  Jaar-Singarasi, East Barito regency was the daughter of the first king of the Islamic Banjar (Sultan Suriansyah) from his second wife Norhayati , a Dayak woman, grandson of  Dayak Maanyan Islam leader Labai Lamiah.  Although Mayang Sari is aMuslims, her leadership was  very thick to indigenous Dayak, She often visited a Dayak villages and very concerned about justice and prosperity of Dayak people in her time. That’s why she was very respected and her grave enshrined in Banjar traditional house in Jaar, East Barito district.

 

Banjar War

The close friendship of Banjar-Dayak, as well because the two tribes involved in a close alliance against the Dutch in the War of Banjar. Once forced in Banjarmasin and Martapura, Prince Antasari and his followers and descendants switch the resistance to the upstream river and along the Barito river  to the upper river of Barito, where there are a diverse ethnic of Dayak involved. The war between the coalition of ethnic Dayak and ethnic Banjar versus the Dutch and his minions on the other, as the nature of war in general, far more grief than joy. Both tribes  already feel kinship, where possessions, soul, blood and tears spilled together in the middle of a fire fight repel invaders. Several war heroes and of Banjar war and  Barito war fro ethnic Dayak:

  • Tumenggung Surapati, died in 1904 , burried in Puruk Cahu, Murung Raya regency.
  • Panglima Batur, from Dayak Bakumpai tribe, burried in Komplek Makam Pangeran Antasari, North Banjarmasin, Banjarmasin.
  • Panglima Unggis, burried in Ketapang village, Gunung Timang, North Barito.
  • Panglima Sogo, that involved in the sinked of Onrust ship belongs to the Dutch on December 26,1859 in Lewu Lutung Tuwur, burried in Malawake village, Teweh Tengah, Barito Utara.
  • Panglima Batu Balot (Tumenggung Marha Lahew), a woman leader that ever attacted Fort Muara Teweh in 1864-1865,burried in Malawaken village(Teluk Mayang),  Central Teweh district, Barito Utara.
  • Panglima Wangkang from Dayak Bakumpai tribe in Marabahan,son of Damang Kendet and his mother, a  Banjar woman from Amuntai.
  • Montalat war in 1861 cause the death of the two sons of the Queen Zaleha burried in Majangkan village, Gunung Timang , North Barito.

Dammung Sayu

Dammung Sayu is the community leader of Dayak Maanyan Paju Sapuluh who had been instrumental in helping one of   Sultan Banjar’s relatives hiding in hia territory while being pursuit by the Dutch . And because that, the Dutch finally burned the settlement of these tribes are located in Magantis,Dusun Timur, East Barito. Banjar royal party who fought against the Dutch colonialists raised Dammung Sayu as commander with the title of Tumenggung and provide a set of yellow umbrella and royal paraphernalia.

Sangiang

Tolerance between Banjar and Dayak tribes, also can be seen from the Dayak Ngaju’s sacred literary , Panaturan. Pictured there, King Banjar (King Maruhum) with Dayak daughter who became his wife Siti Nyai Diang Lawai are part of Dayak Ngaju’s ancestors. In fact they are also projected as Sangiang (divine man) who lived in Lewu Tambak Raja, one of the places in Lewu Sangiang (Village of the Gods). Because the King is Muslim , then in panaturan is also mentioned there is a mosque. (Marko Mahin, Urang Banjar, 2005)

Balai Hakey

In sociological-anthropological between Banjar and Dayak ethnic is likened dangsanak tuha and dangsanak anum (older and younger brother). Urang Banjar is first being Muslims followed by some ethnic Dayak bahakey (turn Islam),called the other as a brother. They still maintain tolerance until now. Everytime when the Dayak community held an ijambe , tiwah and other Dayak’s ceremony, Dayak communities always provide Hakey Hall, where Muslims are welcome slaughter and cook their own food is permissible according to Islamic beliefs.

Intingan and Dayuhan

Tolerance between Banjar with the Dayak tribe in the mountains of Bukit Meratus, Tapin area in South Kalimantan, can also be seen in the mythology of these tribes. In their view, Urang Banjar was a descendant of the Intingan (Bambang Basiwara), namely dangsanak anum (younger brother) of their ancestor named Dayuhan (Ayuhan / Sandayuhan). Although sturdy with ancestral beliefs, the Dayak Bukit always done a religious visit to Banua Halat Mosque which by their mythology, was built by Intingan, when their ancestors’ younger brother is embraced Islam.

 

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